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Plate 24 from Die Bulgaren in ihren historischen, ethnographischen und politischen Grenzen by Ishirkoff & Zlatarski Index no. 0048:0024
The Ethnological Map by Elisée Reclus (1876)  —  Populations de la Turquie d'Europe

The green-bordered text below is is the English version of the explanatory text, from the page facing the map. Another page on this site gives the full text in German, English, French, and Bulgarian.

24. – The Ethnological Map by Elisée Reclus (1876).

The principal work of the renowned French geographer Elisée Reclus (1830-1905): "Nouvelle Géographie Universalle" which appeared in Paris from 1875 till 1894 in 18 large volumes, richly furnished with maps and pictures, has become a text-book for everybody interested in geographical matters. In France this work has been the first attempt to put geography on a scientific footing.

Like Erben's map, that by Reclus is also a compilation and as such reproduced here because a universally known geographer and well versed in the respective literatures has selected and compiled the sources (Lejean, Kanitz and de Czoernik) with truly scientific impartiality. The footnote by Reclus at the bottom of the map shows how far his impartiality went.

This fac-simile map is nearly the size of the original. Though the large towns, only, have been denoted, it is not difficult to find out that nearly all Macedonia and the whole Nisch-Dlstrict are shown as territories in which the Bulgarians predominate.

Keywords: Turkey in EuropeReclus

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